European settlers arrived in the Cove in the early 1820s and began to forge a life and settlement for their families.
Quoting from Wikkipedia "In the decades before the Civil War, Blount County, Tennessee, was a hotbed of abolitionist activity. The Manumission Society of Tennessee was active in the county as early as 1815, and the Quakers— who were relatively numerous in Blount at the time— were so vehemently opposed to slavery that they fought alongside the Union army, in spite of their pacifist agenda.The founder of Maryville College, Rev. Isaac Anderson, was a staunch abolitionist who often gave sermons in Cades Cove. Blount doctor Calvin Post (1803–1873) was believed to have set up an Underground Railroad stop within the cove in the years preceding the war.
Cades Cove remained staunchly pro-Union, with a few exceptions.
Although Federal forces occupied Knoxville in 1863, Confederate raids into Cades Cove continued. A pivotal figure at this time was Russell Gregory, who had originally vowed to remain neutral after his son's defection to the Confederate cause. Gregory organized a small militia, composed mostly of the cove's elderly men, and in 1864 ambushed a band of Confederate marauders near the junction of Forge Creek and Abrams Creek. The Confederates were routed and chased back across the Smokies to North Carolina. Although this largely put an end to the raids, a band of Confederates managed to sneak into the cove and kill Gregory just two weeks later...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cades_Cove
After the Smoky Mountains National Park was established several of the homesteads in Cades Cove were preserved and still stand today. Millions drive through the Cove yearly and most never give a thought to the history attached to the cabins and homesteads they see. Sadly, they carve their initials on the ancient logs and door posts and have no regard for those who carved out a home and history.
I love to stop and visit each cabin and let my mind wander to the former residents and wonder if their spirit still lingers somewhere in the mist and fog of the Cove.
John Oliver, a veteran of the War of 1812, and his wife Lucretia Frazier were the first permanent European settlers in Cades Cove. The Olivers, originally from Carter County, Tennessee, arrived @ 1818 and struggled through the first winter, surviving on food brought to them by the Cherokee indians.
Elijah Oliver was the son of the first white settlers in the cove, John and Luraney Oliver. In 1865, he bought the family property back and built a cabin of his own there in 1866, setting up a "strangers room" on the front porch to accommodate travelers who needed food and lodging.
Adjacent to the cable Mill, it was origionally a general store, it was later used by Becky as a boarding house.
Located on Forge Creek Road near Chestnut Flats, was built by Matilda "Aunt Tildy" Shields and her second husband, Henry Whitehead .
Built by Peter Cable in the 1840s and acquired by Dan Lawson after he married Cable's daughter.
Colonel Hamp Tipton, a veteran of the Civil War, built the two-story cabin which still stands in Cades Cove
George Washing "Carter" Shields, a veteran of the Civil War who was crippled in the Battle of Shiloh.